Medicine is the scientific discipline and practice of treating a patient, enabling him to live his life better, managing the illness, prognosis, diagnosis, and promotion of his health. It includes direct care of patients, direct patient care, nursing care, hospital care, support services for individuals with disabilities, preventive care, and research activities. There are various types of medicine. They are general medicine, pediatrics, internal medicine, family practice, obstetrics/women’s health, viral diseases, neurosurgery, cardiology, gastroenterology, orthopedics, dermatology, gastroenterology, pediatrics, pharmacy, trauma, internal medicine, primary care, psychiatric, and pediatric.
General medicine covers all sciences and medical specialties which bring benefit to the people. Commonly known as primary care, it deals with the general issues like sickness, injury, fever, infections, and injuries. It also takes care of the economical aspect like drugs, medicines, dental care, food, etc. Commonly called as secondary care, it involves care for specific diseases and injuries.
Pediatrics is an important branch of medicine. It is concerned with diseases affecting children. This branch of medicine makes sure that children get proper nutrition by nourishing them with the right diet and preventing diseases like diarrhea, measles, rubella, mumps, chickenpox, etc. It also takes care of the newborn and mother during delivery. On the other hand, obstetricians and gynecologists provide expert medical care for pregnant women, sexually transmitted diseases, and childbirth-related diseases.
Alternative medicines and conventional medicines both have their share of popularity. The alternative medicine includes herbs, minerals, vitamins, and Ayurvedic medicines. Modern pharmaceuticals and generic drugs are part of alternative medicines. Conventional medicines are synthetic drugs approved by FDA for short-term use to treat a single disease or ailment. Modern doctors use both prescription medicine and over-the-counter medicine for treating most common ailments.
Biotechnology has made possible the production of medicines at higher scale. With the advent of genetic engineering, new medicines are developed on gene-expression technology. These medicines have the potential to cure various life-threatening diseases like AIDS, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. However, the manufacture of these medicines is still in its infancy.
There are many other specialties like pediatrics, heath, nursing, dermatology, optometry, etc. All these different specialties or professional fields have their own specialty areas of specialization. As mentioned above, medicine has been one of the greatest blessings for mankind since the dawn of civilization. With all its wonderful advantages, there is also a dark side of medicine. That is, getting sick is sometimes inevitable.